Drupal

Instalando Drupal localmente en 10 pasos

Caso1.-

Windows XP / XAMPP  / Drupal 6.x

1. Descargamos drupal desde: http://drupal.org/project/drupal (Recommended 6.x)

2. Descargamos xampp desde:  http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Windows/1.7.4/xampp-win32-1.7.4-VC6.zip/download

3. Copiamos la carpeta xammp en C: y luego hacemos doble click en “setup_xampp.bat”

4. Copiamos la carpeta drupal descargada dentro de la carpeta htdocs de xammp.

5. Dentro de la carpeta drupal/sites/default, copiamos el archivo default.settings.php en la misma ruta y luego renombramos el archivo con el nombre settings.php.

6. Creamos la base de datos en http://localhost/phpmyadmin, en nombre de la base de datos, colocamos por ejemplo “drupal”, y por default se tiene user: root, passw en blanco)

7. Activamos los servicios de apache y mysql, haciendo click sobre control.exe y hacemos click en start los servicios en mención. (control.exe se ubica en la carpeta xampp).

8. En el navegador ingresamos a drupal http://localhost/drupal, y colocamos el nombre de la base de datos drupal, el usuario root y el pass en blanco como habiamos definido.

9. Ingresamos los datos de superadminitrador de la página y hacemos click en siguiente.

10. Se recomienda tener las urls limpias (Administración/Configuración del sitio/URL limpias); además de automatizar la interacción cron y drupal para las actualizaciones ( Adminitración/Reportes/Informe del estado).

Caso2.-

Windows 7 / XAMPP  / Drupal 7.x

1. Descargamos drupal desde: http://drupal.org/project/drupal (Recommended 7.x)

2. Descargamos xampp desde:  http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Windows/1.7.4/xampp-win32-1.7.4-VC6.zip/download

3. Copiamos la carpeta xammp en C: y luego hacemos doble click en “setup_xampp.bat”

4. Copiamos la carpeta drupal descargada dentro de la carpeta htdocs de xammp.

5. Dentro de la carpeta drupal/sites/default, copiamos el archivo default.settings.php en la misma ruta y luego renombramos el archivo con el nombre settings.php.

6. Creamos la base de datos en http://localhost/phpmyadmin, en nombre de la base de datos, colocamos por ejemplo “drupal”, y por default se tiene user: root, passw en blanco)

7. Activamos los servicios de apache y mysql, haciendo click sobre control.exe y hacemos click en start los servicios en mención. (control.exe se ubica en la carpeta xampp).

8. En el navegador ingresamos a drupal http://localhost/drupal, y colocamos el nombre de la base de datos drupal, el usuario root y el pass en blanco como habiamos definido.

9. Ingresamos los datos de superadminitrador de la página y hacemos click en siguiente.

10. Se recomienda tener las urls limpias (Administración/Configuración del sitio/URL limpias); además de automatizar la interacción cron y drupal para las actualizaciones ( Adminitración/Reportes/Informe del estado).

Olvidé mi pass de drupal y Mysql

Olvidé mi password del usuario admin de drupal 6 y de pasadita mi password de MySql
yulys@yulys-laptop:~$ mysql -u root -p

Enter password: ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
yulys@yulys-laptop:~$ cat /var/www/d6/sites/default/settings.php

<?php// $Id: default.settings.php,v 1.8.2.4 2009/09/14 12:59:18 goba Exp $
/** * @file * Drupal site-specific configuration file. * * IMPORTANT NOTE: * This file may have been set to read-only by the Drupal installation * program. If you make changes to this file, be sure to protect it again * after making your modifications. Failure to remove write permissions * to this file is a security risk. * * The configuration file to be loaded is based upon the rules below. * * The configuration directory will be discovered by stripping the * website’s hostname from left to right and pathname from right to * left. The first configuration file found will be used and any * others will be ignored. If no other configuration file is found * then the default configuration file at ‘sites/default’ will be used. * * For example, for a fictitious site installed at * http://www.drupal.org/mysite/test/, the ‘settings.php’ * is searched in the following directories: * *  1. sites/www.drupal.org.mysite.test *  2. sites/drupal.org.mysite.test *  3. sites/org.mysite.test * *  4. sites/www.drupal.org.mysite *  5. sites/drupal.org.mysite *  6. sites/org.mysite * *  7. sites/www.drupal.org *  8. sites/drupal.org *  9. sites/org * * 10. sites/default * * If you are installing on a non-standard port number, prefix the * hostname with that number. For example, * http://www.drupal.org:8080/mysite/test/ could be loaded from * sites/8080.www.drupal.org.mysite.test/. */
/** * Database settings: * * Note that the $db_url variable gets parsed using PHP’s built-in * URL parser (i.e. using the “parse_url()” function) so make sure * not to confuse the parser. If your username, password * or database name contain characters used to delineate * $db_url parts, you can escape them via URI hex encodings: * *   : = %3a   / = %2f   @ = %40 *   + = %2b   ( = %28   ) = %29 *   ? = %3f   = = %3d   & = %26 * * To specify multiple connections to be used in your site (i.e. for * complex custom modules) you can also specify an associative array * of $db_url variables with the ‘default’ element used until otherwise * requested. * * You can optionally set prefixes for some or all database table names * by using the $db_prefix setting. If a prefix is specified, the table * name will be prepended with its value. Be sure to use valid database * characters only, usually alphanumeric and underscore. If no prefixes * are desired, leave it as an empty string ”. * * To have all database names prefixed, set $db_prefix as a string: * *   $db_prefix = ‘main_’; * * To provide prefixes for specific tables, set $db_prefix as an array. * The array’s keys are the table names and the values are the prefixes. * The ‘default’ element holds the prefix for any tables not specified * elsewhere in the array. Example: * *   $db_prefix = array( *     ‘default’   => ‘main_’, *     ‘users’     => ‘shared_’, *     ‘sessions’  => ‘shared_’, *     ‘role’      => ‘shared_’, *     ‘authmap’   => ‘shared_’, *   ); * * Database URL format: *   $db_url = ‘mysql://username:password@localhost/databasename’; *   $db_url = ‘mysqli://username:password@localhost/databasename’; *   $db_url = ‘pgsql://username:password@localhost/databasename’; */$db_url = ‘mysqli://root:julita@localhost/d6’;      ## aquí esta el root de mysql: julita$db_prefix = ”;
/** * Access control for update.php script * * If you are updating your Drupal installation using the update.php script * being not logged in as administrator, you will need to modify the access * check statement below. Change the FALSE to a TRUE to disable the access * check. After finishing the upgrade, be sure to open this file again * and change the TRUE back to a FALSE! */$update_free_access = FALSE;
/** * Base URL (optional). * * If you are experiencing issues with different site domains, * uncomment the Base URL statement below (remove the leading hash sign) * and fill in the absolute URL to your Drupal installation. * * You might also want to force users to use a given domain. * See the .htaccess file for more information. * * Examples: *   $base_url = ‘http://www.example.com&#8217;; *   $base_url = ‘http://www.example.com:8888&#8217;; *   $base_url = ‘http://www.example.com/drupal&#8217;; *   $base_url = ‘https://www.example.com:8888/drupal&#8217;; * * It is not allowed to have a trailing slash; Drupal will add it * for you. */# $base_url = ‘http://www.example.com&#8217;;  // NO trailing slash!
/** * PHP settings: * * To see what PHP settings are possible, including whether they can * be set at runtime (ie., when ini_set() occurs), read the PHP * documentation at http://www.php.net/manual/en/ini.php#ini.list * and take a look at the .htaccess file to see which non-runtime * settings are used there. Settings defined here should not be * duplicated there so as to avoid conflict issues. */ini_set(‘arg_separator.output’,     ‘&amp;’);ini_set(‘magic_quotes_runtime’,     0);ini_set(‘magic_quotes_sybase’,      0);ini_set(‘session.cache_expire’,     200000);ini_set(‘session.cache_limiter’,    ‘none’);ini_set(‘session.cookie_lifetime’,  2000000);ini_set(‘session.gc_maxlifetime’,   200000);ini_set(‘session.save_handler’,     ‘user’);ini_set(‘session.use_cookies’,      1);ini_set(‘session.use_only_cookies’, 1);ini_set(‘session.use_trans_sid’,    0);ini_set(‘url_rewriter.tags’,        ”);
/** * If you encounter a situation where users post a large amount of text, and * the result is stripped out upon viewing but can still be edited, Drupal’s * output filter may not have sufficient memory to process it. If you * experience this issue, you may wish to uncomment the following two lines * and increase the limits of these variables. For more information, see * http://php.net/manual/en/pcre.configuration.php. */# ini_set(‘pcre.backtrack_limit’, 200000);# ini_set(‘pcre.recursion_limit’, 200000);
/** * Drupal automatically generates a unique session cookie name for each site * based on on its full domain name. If you have multiple domains pointing at * the same Drupal site, you can either redirect them all to a single domain * (see comment in .htaccess), or uncomment the line below and specify their * shared base domain. Doing so assures that users remain logged in as they * cross between your various domains. */# $cookie_domain = ‘example.com’;
/** * Variable overrides: * * To override specific entries in the ‘variable’ table for this site, * set them here. You usually don’t need to use this feature. This is * useful in a configuration file for a vhost or directory, rather than * the default settings.php. Any configuration setting from the ‘variable’ * table can be given a new value. Note that any values you provide in * these variable overrides will not be modifiable from the Drupal * administration interface. * * Remove the leading hash signs to enable. */# $conf = array(#   ‘site_name’ => ‘My Drupal site’,#   ‘theme_default’ => ‘minnelli’,#   ‘anonymous’ => ‘Visitor’,/** * A custom theme can be set for the off-line page. This applies when the site * is explicitly set to off-line mode through the administration page or when * the database is inactive due to an error. It can be set through the * ‘maintenance_theme’ key. The template file should also be copied into the * theme. It is located inside ‘modules/system/maintenance-page.tpl.php’. * Note: This setting does not apply to installation and update pages. */#   ‘maintenance_theme’ => ‘minnelli’,/** * reverse_proxy accepts a boolean value. * * Enable this setting to determine the correct IP address of the remote * client by examining information stored in the X-Forwarded-For headers. * X-Forwarded-For headers are a standard mechanism for identifying client * systems connecting through a reverse proxy server, such as Squid or * Pound. Reverse proxy servers are often used to enhance the performance * of heavily visited sites and may also provide other site caching, * security or encryption benefits. If this Drupal installation operates * behind a reverse proxy, this setting should be enabled so that correct * IP address information is captured in Drupal’s session management, * logging, statistics and access management systems; if you are unsure * about this setting, do not have a reverse proxy, or Drupal operates in * a shared hosting environment, this setting should be set to disabled. */#   ‘reverse_proxy’ => TRUE,/** * reverse_proxy accepts an array of IP addresses. * * Each element of this array is the IP address of any of your reverse * proxies. Filling this array Drupal will trust the information stored * in the X-Forwarded-For headers only if Remote IP address is one of * these, that is the request reaches the web server from one of your * reverse proxies. Otherwise, the client could directly connect to * your web server spoofing the X-Forwarded-For headers. */#   ‘reverse_proxy_addresses’ => array(‘a.b.c.d’, …),# );
/** * String overrides: * * To override specific strings on your site with or without enabling locale * module, add an entry to this list. This functionality allows you to change * a small number of your site’s default English language interface strings. * * Remove the leading hash signs to enable. */# $conf[‘locale_custom_strings_en’] = array(#   ‘forum’      => ‘Discussion board’,#   ‘@count min’ => ‘@count minutes’,# );
yulys@yulys-laptop:~$ mysql -u root -p     ## en password en este caso sería julita Enter password: Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.Your MySQL connection id is 104Server version: 5.1.41-3ubuntu12.6 (Ubuntu)
Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type ‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.
mysql> show databases;   ## en este caso deseo ver si está d6 en mi base de datos

+——————–+

| Database           |

+——————–+

| information_schema |

| d6                 |

| mysql              |

+——————–+

3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> drop database d6;   ## elimino mi base de datos d6 para volver a configurarQuery OK, 61 rows affected (0.15 sec)

mysql> show databases;

+——————–+

|Database          |

+——————–+

| information_schema |

| mysql              |

+——————–+

2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> create database d6;    ## creo nuevamente mi d6 para empezar en drupal webQuery OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)
mysql> exit   ## en caso no salga con exit; se puede abortar con Ctrl-C —
yulys@yulys-laptop:~$ cd /var/www/d6/sites/default/   yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ lsdefault.settings.php  files  settings.phpyulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ cp default.settings.php settings.php yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ chmod 777 settings.php  ##para poder modificar yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$

Luego ingreso en el URL http://localhost/d6/install.php?profile=default para comenzar configuración:

Simplemente hacer Next y luego colocar su user y pass

El mensaje que me salía refería al archivo settings.php, por lo que debo hacer lo siguiente:

yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ lsdefault.settings.php  files  settings.phpyulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ chmod o-rw settings.php yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ chmod a-rw settings.php

Además de:

yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ cat /etc/sh

shadow   shadow-  shells

yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ cat /etc/shadow

cat: /etc/shadow: Permiso denegadoyulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites/default$ sudo cat /etc/shadow

[sudo] password for yulys: root:!:14652:0:99999:7:::daemon:*:14545:0:99999:7:::bin:*:14545:0:99999:7:::sys:*:14545:0:99999:7:::sync:*:14545:0:99999:7:::games:*:14545:0:99999:7:::man:*:14545:0:99999:7:::lp:*:14545:0:99999:7:::mail:*:14545:0:99999:7:::news:*:14545:0:99999:7:::uucp:*:14545:0:99999:7:::proxy:*:14545:0:99999:7:::www-data:*:14545:0:99999:7:::backup:*:14545:0:99999:7:::list:*:14545:0:99999:7:::irc:*:14545:0:99999:7:::gnats:*:14545:0:99999:7:::nobody:*:14545:0:99999:7:::libuuid:!:14545:0:99999:7:::syslog:*:14545:0:99999:7:::messagebus:*:14545:0:99999:7:::hplip:*:14545:0:99999:7:::avahi-autoipd:*:14545:0:99999:7:::avahi:*:14545:0:99999:7:::couchdb:*:14545:0:99999:7:::haldaemon:*:14545:0:99999:7:::speech-dispatcher:!:14545:0:99999:7:::kernoops:*:14545:0:99999:7:::saned:*:14545:0:99999:7:::pulse:*:14545:0:99999:7:::gdm:*:14545:0:99999:7:::yulys:$6$pgPYgDWR$fPg.CVxRXfjBL.HrrOM8/FW10lKSmpIugP.nBqnDkvLDQfbobs34invERb175mtdomXp7Z2SAbAelWFlqc/DN/:14652:0:99999:7:::mysql:!:14751:0:99999:7:::jetty:*:14792:0:99999:7:::postgres:*:14843:0:99999:7:::usbmux:*:14853:0:99999:7:::rtkit:*:14853:0:99999:7:::

yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites$ chmod a-w default/

yulys@yulys-laptop:/var/www/d6/sites$ chmod a+r default/

Me indicaba descargar los archivos de la versión 6.20 porque yo estaba en la versión 6.16, entonces los descargue y luego se deben copiar en /var/www/d6 menos el settings.php

Ahora quiero empezar la configuración de mi sitio, en este caso haré una web parachocolates y comenzaré con el cambio de la plantilla y me voy a la página http://drupal.org y veo los proyectos de plantillas… http://drupal.org/project/themes
cuando encuentre la que más se adecua a mis necesidades, entonces descargo el paquete y finalmente guardo los archivos en /var/www/d6/sites/all/themes

Luego se debe configurar en administracion/site building/themes, en este caso elegí el theme Danblog; debo activarlo y elegirlo en:

Home » Administer » Site building

Para cambiar el nombre de la página, em fui a Home » Administer » Site configuration

para poner el icono y la figurita del logo de la empresa ARTELE debo ir a:

Home » Administer » Site building » Themes

Ahora, para poder colocar los items como menús donde tengo en este caso, PRINCIPAL, PROMOCIONES, SPECIAL DAY, VISITANOS; debo ir a

Ahora configuraré los contenidos de mi primera página:


3 Responses to Drupal

  1. Juan says:

    Hola!
    Est bastante bien tu sitio. Alguno de los articulos no me
    convencieron demasiado, en cualquier caso, la gran mayora
    son bastante buenos.
    A seguir asi!

    • Julita Inca says:

      Gracias Juan, en realidad comencé como si fuera sólo para mí, pero luego decicí compartir lo que voy aprendiendo. Igual espero esmerarme por no dejar de bloguear. Un saludo, Julita.

  2. Hello to every body, it’s my first visit of this weblog; this web site contains remarkable and really excellent information in favor of visitors.

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